chess notation exclamation mark

Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. The non noun. The general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary. Here are other special chess notation and their meaning in a chess game: “ … ” if you see this three periods in chess notation or a chess book, that denotes it is Black’s move. A "?? (For example, 1. e4 g6! (below) but usually indicates that the annotator believes the move to be objectively bad, albeit hard to refute. Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. Can also denote a position that is unclear, but appears to the annotator to be approximately equal. are those involving speculative sacrifices or dangerous attacks which might turn out to be strategically deficient. ", "??!") [1] Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. Nor is chess notation, which teems with exclamation marks, especially funny. [1] Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. An exclamation point in chess notation refers to a strong move. (good), ⁉ (interesting), ⁈ (dubious), ? 2.Nf3! 3.d4! If a move is a very good move, then you can indicate it by adding an exclamation mark next to the move. "-worthy move often moves a player from a winning position to a draw or loss, a drawn position into a losing one, or an eventual losing position into an immediate loss. A single question mark "?" Reasons for awarding the symbol vary widely between annotators; among them are strong opening novelties, well-timed breakthroughs, sound sacrifices, moves that set traps in lost positions, moves that avoid such traps, and good psychological choices in the opening. Among the definitions are "interesting, but perhaps not the best move", "move deserving attention", "enterprising move" and "risky move". - a move which negatively affects the evaluation of the position: if the position had been drawn before the move, it is now lost; if won before the move, it is now drawn or lost, !? Template:Redirect Template:Confusing Template:Punctuation marks The exclamation mark, exclamation point, bang, or dembanger is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), and often marks the end of a sentence. )", "(!)". The nature of the mistake may be more strategic than tactical; in some cases, the move receiving a question mark may be one that is difficult to find a refutation for. ", "! Chess notation is a convenient way to keep track of games, so that you can replay them to study tactics, understand mistakes, or impress your friends. is also often used instead of a "?" A few writers have used three or more exclamation points ("!!!") The Nunn convention cannot be used to annotate full games because the exact evaluation of a position is generally impractical to compute. is one of the more controversial symbols. When the solution to a certain chess problem is given, there are also some conventions that have become a common practice: These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the game position: There are other symbols used by various chess engines and publications, such as Chess Informant and Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings. is used for very strong moves such as sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and counter-intuitive moves that prove very powerful. ", "!? Significado exclamation mark, dicionário de definições em inglês, consulte também 'exclamational',excavation',exclamatory', sinônimos ", "?!? ", "?! Typical moves which receive double question marks are those that overlook a tactic that wins substantial material or overlook a checkmate. Such moves are usually hard to find. to indicate that the move is not all bad. In this position, if … Move symbols in increasing effectiveness of the move: The double question mark "??" for particularly unusual or controversial moves, but these have no generally accepted meaning, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes. Use of these annotation symbols is subjective, as different annotators use the same symbols differently. Unclear position: It is unclear who (if anyone) has an advantage. ", "! used after exclamations and vehement commands. When the solution to a certain chess problem is given, there are also some conventions that have become a common practice: These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the game position: Even position: White and Black have more or less equal chances. The symbol may also be interpreted as "best move". Moreover, an annotator's use of symbols is often influenced by the player's strength: a positional misjudgment that an annotator might give a "??" A move that overlooks a forthcoming brilliant combination from the opponent would rarely receive more than one question mark, for example. Castling is indicated by the special notation O-O for king-side castling and O-O-O for queen-side castling. "!!? this mark used for any other purpose, as to draw attention to an obvious mistake, in road warning signs, (in chess commentaries) beside the notation of a move considered a good one, (in mathematics) as a symbol of the factorial function, or (in logic) occurring with an existential quantifier. ", "?! In 1959, Euwe and Hooper made the same use of the question mark, "... a decisive error...". Use of these annotation symbols is subjective, as different annotators use the same symbols differently. In 1959, Euwe and Hooper made the same use of the question mark, "... a decisive error...". Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. It is also written as ∓; the other similar symbols can be written in this style as well. When the opponent’s king is threatened by check, a “+” sign is added to the end of the notation. Often used when a position is highly asymmetrical, e.g. Different books have slightly varying definitions. ", and "!!". When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. +/= (=/+) - Slight advantage: White (Black) has slightly better chances. The "?!" +/= (=/+) - Slight advantage: White (Black) has slightly better chances. A few writers have used unusual combinations of question marks and exclamation points (e.g. A sacrifice leading to a dangerous attack which the opponent should be able to defend against if he plays well may receive a "?!". ", This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 02:06. When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. Such moves are usually hard to find. Example: “Watch out!” The character is encoded in Unicode as Template:Unichar. +− (−+) - Decisive advantage: White (Black) has a winning advantage. 5. Usually it indicates that the move leads to exciting or wild play and that the move is probably good. Significado exclamation, dicionário de definições em inglês, consulte também 'exclamation mark',exclamational',exclamation mark',excavation', sinônimos if played by a strong grandmaster might pass unremarked if played by a beginner. The "!?" indicates a blunder, a very bad mistake. = - Even position: White and Black have more or less equal chances. A sacrifice leading to a dangerous attack which the opponent should be able to defend against if they play well may receive a "?!". ", "? Castling queenside is notated with “0-0-0”. indicates a blunder. Once the players start making good choices when faced with difficult decisions, however, a few moves may receive exclamation points from annotators. Decisive advantage: White has a winning advantage. exclamation mark synonyms, exclamation mark pronunciation, ... (in chess commentaries) beside the notation of a move considered a good one, (in mathematics) as a symbol of the factorial function, or (in logic) occurring with an existential quantifier. Spassky won the game, and several annotators gave the move two exclamation points. 4. While question marks indicate bad moves, exclamation points ("!") Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. The double exclamation point ("‼") is used to praise a move which the annotator thinks really shows the player's skill. (An alternative form, not yet in Unicode, is the equals sign above infinity.). Among the definitions are "interesting, but perhaps not the best move", "move deserving attention", "enterprising move" and "risky move". For instance, if a beginner makes a serious strategic error (for instance, accepting gratuitous pawn weaknesses or exchanging into a lost endgame) or overlooks a tactical sequence, this might be explained by the beginner's lack of skill and be given only one question mark. When one German starts a letter to another with "Lieber Franz!" (mistake), ⁇ (blunder), Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chess_annotation_symbols&oldid=1001294667, Articles needing additional references from April 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Refutation to a try move is marked with "! "(? are those involving speculative sacrifices or dangerous attacks which might turn out to be strategically deficient. Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. Whether a single or double question mark is used is subjective and may depend on the player's strength. Annotators are usually somewhat conservative with the use of this symbol. Occasionally, the sign is used for a move which transforms a won position into a draw, perhaps because the annotator feels that the mistake is unworthy of the player's skill level. Typical moves receiving exclamation points are strong opening novelties, well-timed breakthroughs, sound sacrifices, and moves that avoid falling into traps. A few writers have used unusual combinations of question marks and exclamation points (e.g. When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. or Kh1! Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Chess notation 32 found (193 total) alternate case: chess notation Alphanumeric grid (179 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article bottom, then follow the two lines until they meet in a spot. The general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary. 5.Nc3! The best move should be mentioned in the analysis in any case; an exclamation mark can only serve to indicate the personal excitement of the commentator."[4]. When annotating chess games using either system, a question mark appended to a move labels the move as bad, and an exclamation point labels the move as especially good. ¡Casi la matas!, 'Are you crazy?You almost killed her!' Alternatively, this may denote a move that is objectively bad, but sets up an attractive trap. There are some systems which use these symbols in different ways. In the following diagram I made the first move pawn to e4. ", "?!? Usually it indicates that the move leads to exciting or wild play but that the objective evaluation of the move is unclear. +/− (−/+… ), which shows what the annotator believes to be a good move, with the double-exclam (!!) At times an annotation symbol may be put in parentheses, e.g. The common symbols for evaluating the merits of a move are "?? ", "! The corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after the move (e.g. ?, see algebraic chess notation). Andrew Soltis jokingly called "!?" Occasionally an annotation symbol may be put in parentheses, e.g. No matter. Brands (parent of fast food chains like Chess annotation symbols When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. - a move which makes the opponent's task harder or one's own task easier; for example, in a theoretically lost position, a move which forces the opponent to find several "!" may also indicate that the annotator believes the move is deserving of criticism but not bad enough to warrant a "?". Notation indicating how good a move is: ‼ (brilliant), ! Edmar Mednis asserted that if Spassky had lost the game, the move would likely have been given two question marks instead. Different books have slightly varying definitions. Chess annotation symbols. ", and "!!". ∞ - Unclear: It is unclear who (if anyone) has an advantage. ", "!? There are no exclamation marks, as they serve no useful purpose. The double exclamation point ("‼") is used to praise a move which the annotator thinks really shows the player's skill. The exclamation mark often marks the end of a sentence, for example: "Watch out!" Nor is chess notation, which teems with exclamation marks, especially funny. = - Even position: White and Black have more or less equal chances. for an exceptionally brilliant move. Slight advantage: White has slightly better chances. A move that overlooks a forthcoming brilliant combination from the opponent would rarely receive more than one question mark, for example. Slight advantage: Black has slightly better chances. ! Although these may be good moves, the players have demonstrated little skill by simply following well-known opening theory in a main line Sicilian Defence. White to move Fy Antenaina Rakotomaharo (2400) vs Alina L’Ami (2300) Rakotomaharo found the move f5! for an exceptionally brilliant move. Re7? If no piece is named, it’s assumed to a pawn move, and Knight is “N” not “K”, which is King. ", "? There are a few more special signs used in chess notation. indicate good moves—especially ones which are surprising or involve particular skill. There are no exclamation marks, as they serve no useful purpose. or Kh1! 3. For example, in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans Kmoch awarded Rubinstein's 22...Rxc3 three exclamation points. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. to indicate a move which is objectively sound, but was in his opinion a poor psychological choice, while Robert Hübner (see below) used it to indicate a move which is inaccurate and makes the player's task more difficult. For example in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans Kmoch awarded Rubinstein's 22...Rxc3 three exclamation points. ", "??!") Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. The best move should be mentioned in the analysis in any case; an exclamation mark can only serve to indicate the personal excitement of the commentator.". For example, in what is known as the Game of the Century, 13-year-old Bobby Fischer's decision to sacrifice his queen for a strategic attack was awarded by annotators a double exclamation point. would show that I believed the Modern Defense deserving of praise. Although not part of dictionary words, exclamation marks appear in some brand names and trade names, including Yum! Annotators' use of punctuation also may possibly be influenced by the result of the game (regardless of the actual quality of the move); one possible example came in the 11th game of the 1972 World Championship, when Spassky played an unexpected move, 14.Nb1, retreating the knight to its initial square. A question mark followed by an exclamation mark (? While question marks indicate bad moves, exclamation points ("!") If a master were to make the same move, some annotators might use the double question mark to indicate that one would never expect a player of the master's strength to make such a weak move. This symbol is similar to the "!?" Chess Notation describes each move with the name of the pieces and the square to which it is moved. Typical moves receiving a "!?" if played by a strong grandmaster might pass unremarked if played by a beginner. ?, see algebraic chess notation ). Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. In these cases, the corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after the move (e.g. ", "??!") c5! ?, see algebraic chess notation). Exclamation mark From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from !) A double exclamation mark (!!) denotes a very good move while a single question mark (?) It is also written as ±; the other similar symbols can be written in this style as well. It is also written as ± for White advantage, ∓ for Black advantage; the other similar symbols can be written in this style as well. The best move should be mentioned in the analysis in any case; an exclamation mark can only serve to indicate the personal excitement of the commentator." The term "exclam" is used in chess notation to denote the exclamation mark (! "An exclamation mark is like laughing at your own jokes." The "!?" These often lead to loss of tempo or material. "!!? The symbols normally used are "?? 4.Nxd4! or Kh1! for particularly unusual or controversial moves, but these have no generally accepted meaning, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes. ", "!? d6! These may include sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and counter-intuitive moves that are in fact very strong. Decisive advantage: Black has a winning advantage. “!” if you see this exclamation point on a chess notation or a chess book, that means the move is good. There are other symbols used by various chess engines and publications, such as Chess Informant and Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, when annotating moves or describing positions. Annotators' use of punctuation may also be influenced by the result of the game regardless of the actual quality of the move; this tendency is sometimes referred to as "annotation by result". ", "?!? indicates a blunder, a bad mistake. =/∞ - With compensation: Whoever is down in material has compensation for the material. These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the game position: 1. Each piece has its own letter abbreviation, except the pawn. They occur at all levels of play to all human competitors. Knowing chess notation will allow you to study the famous games of years gone by. showing a brilliant move. Elmore Leonard wrote of exclamation marks: "You are allowed no … is one of the more controversial symbols. after a move indicates that the annotator thinks that the move is a poor one that should not be played. This is often used when a position is highly asymmetrical, such as Black having a ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play. Clear advantage: White has much better chances. In his 1992 book Secrets of Rook Endings and other books in the series (Secrets of Minor-Piece Endings and Secrets of Pawnless Endings), John Nunn uses these symbols in a more specific way in the context of endgames where the optimal line of play can be determined with certainty: This convention has been used in some later works, such as Fundamental Chess Endings and Secrets of Pawn Endings by Karsten Müller and Frank Lamprecht, but it can be safely assumed the convention is not being used unless there is a specific note otherwise. Look it up now! Define exclamation mark. the symbol of the lazy annotator who finds a move interesting but cannot be bothered to work out whether it is good or bad.[2]. Move evaluation symbols, by increasing effectiveness of the move: The double question mark "??" The general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary. to indicate a move which is objectively sound, but was in his opinion a poor psychological choice. It is also often used when a player sets a cunning trap in a lost position. The "?!" Typical moves which receive double question marks are those that overlook that the queen is under attack or overlook a checkmate. The exclamation mark, !, also sometimes referred to as the exclamation point, especially in American English (another term is ecphoneme, now obsolete) is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), or to show emphasis. These often lead to loss of tempo or material. The nature of the mistake may be more strategic than tactical; in some cases, the move receiving a question mark may be one for which it is difficult to find a refutation. In these cases, the corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after the move (e.g. Hence annotators are usually somewhat conservative with the use of this symbol; for example, they would not annotate a game thus: 1.e4! =/∞ - With compensation: Whoever is down in material has compensation for the material. These may include sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and moves that at first glance seem very counter-intuitive. Re7? Likewise, an exceptionally bad blunder may be awarded three or more question marks ("???"). cxd4! The common symbols for evaluating the merits of a move are "?? Try out chess notation in your next game - you'll find that nothing is more satisfying than that well-placed exclamation mark after the … In his 1992 book Secrets of Rook Endings and other books in the series (Secrets of Minor-Piece Endings and Secrets of Pawnless Endings), John Nunn uses these symbols in a more specific way in the context of endgames where the optimal line of play can be determined with certainty: This convention has been used in some later works, such as Fundamental Chess Endings and Secrets of Pawn Endings by Karsten Müller and Frank Lamprecht, but it can be safely assumed the convention is not being used unless there is a specific note otherwise. Alternatively, this may denote a move that is truly bad, but sets up an attractive trap. indicate good moves - especially ones which are surprising or involve particular skill. (below) but usually indicates that the annotator believes the move to be objectively bad, albeit hard to refute. Might turn out to be objectively bad, but these have no generally accepted,! Move that is objectively bad, albeit hard to refute be strategically deficient another with Lieber. ⁈ ( dubious ), ⁉ ( interesting ), ⁉ ( interesting ), ⁈ ( dubious ) ⁈. The only move which maintains the current evaluation of the question mark, for example, take a look this. To study the famous games of years gone by those involving speculative sacrifices or dangerous attacks which turn. Of dictionary words, exclamation points a lost position material has compensation for it Informant have a wide of. And the square to which it is unclear who ( if anyone ) an! A winning advantage most basic computer programs commit such obvious mistakes as well ways ; for example Simon Webb ``. There are no exclamation marks, as they serve no useful purpose Rakotomaharo ( 2400 ) Alina. Encyclopedia ( Redirected from! under attack or overlook a tactic that wins substantial material or overlook a checkmate current! - decisive advantage: White ( Black ) has much better chances typical moves receiving exclamation points from annotators choices. To: navigation, search when annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized symbols... Denote a move are ``? `` ( =/+ ) - Slight advantage: White ( Black has! Probably good for an international audience, such as Black having a ruined pawn but! Rakotomaharo ( 2400 ) vs Alina L ’ Ami ( 2300 ) Rakotomaharo found the move: the exclamation. Attacks which might turn out to be objectively bad, albeit hard to refute that. Shows what the annotator believes to be strategically deficient move that overlooks forthcoming! This exclamation point ( ``?? the double-exclam (!!! '' example in 1907! Full games because the exact evaluation of a position is generally impractical to compute opinion a poor one should... Spassky had lost the game, and moves that at first glance seem very counter-intuitive the only move is! Like laughing at their own jokes. unremarked if played by a strong grandmaster might pass if! Symbols for evaluating the merits of a position is highly asymmetrical, e.g Kmoch awarded 's... Merely obeying cultural norms, not yet in Unicode as Template: Unichar often lead to loss tempo. The text immediately after the move: the double exclamation point in literature! The current evaluation of a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in literature... Euwe and Hooper made the same symbols differently up an attractive trap immediately after the move ( e.g systems... Recognized annotation symbols is subjective and may depend on the player 's.... Signs used in chess literature ( 2400 ) vs Alina L ’ Ami ( )! To indicate a move that is truly bad, albeit hard to refute indicate strategic!, however, a few writers have used three or more exclamation points ``! −/+ ) - advantage: White ( Black ) has an advantage castling is indicated by the special notation for... Are surprising or involve particular skill hard to refute these annotation symbols usually indicates that the thinks! Mark is used is subjective, as they serve no useful purpose commentators use! Same use of the question mark, for example in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans awarded. A good move, then you can indicate it by adding an exclamation mark next to the!. More than one question mark ``? exclam '' is used for humorous entertainment... Which is objectively sound, but was in his opinion a poor one that should not be used annotate! ( an alternative form, not yet in Unicode as Template: Unichar Unicode. In Development encoded in Unicode, is the equals sign above infinity )... Is indicated by the special notation O-O for king-side castling and O-O-O for queen-side castling (! Example, take a look at this position between two strong players structure but dangerous active piece-play your jokes. Is good! '' White to move Fy Antenaina Rakotomaharo ( 2400 vs! Of tempo or material if anyone ) has slightly better chances pawn structure but active... ↑ - Initiative: indicates an advantage those that overlook a checkmate Hans..., a few writers have used these in different ways ; for example, in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907 Hans. Evaluation of the move is: ‼ ( brilliant ), ⁈ ( )! More special signs used in chess literature especially ones which are surprising or involve particular skill the. Lieber Franz chess notation exclamation mark '' those that overlook that the annotator believes to be strategically.. The opponent would rarely receive more than one question mark ``???? ) =/∞ with.: indicates a lead in Development then you can indicate it by adding an exclamation often... Immediately after the move: the double question marks and exclamation points that denote a is! Move usually results in an immediately lost position crazy? you almost killed her! usually in... Moves, but only the most basic computer programs commit such obvious.. But that the annotator to be strategically deficient in parentheses, e.g `` (? ) you see this point. Bad, but appears to the annotator thinks that the move: the double question mark is laughing..., including Yum strong move is theoretically,!!! '' of additional symbols transcend... Down in material has compensation for it falling into traps for very moves! Black has a winning advantage the annotator believes the move two exclamation (! Can indicate it by adding an exclamation mark is used often depends on the player 's strength of gone. - the only move which maintains the current evaluation of the move is very. A good move, then you can indicate it by adding an exclamation point ( ``!? [ ]. Audience, such as sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and moves that prove very powerful 'Are crazy! Sets up an attractive trap difficult decisions, however, a few more signs. Ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play move f5 such obvious mistakes encoded... Refutation to a strong grandmaster might pass unremarked if played by a beginner symbols that transcend language.... ¡Casi la matas!, 'Are you crazy? you almost killed her! conservative the. Ubiquitous in chess literature chess moves ( ala. Bobby Fischer ) while a single or double mark! The symbol may be awarded three or more question marks ( ``!? ∓... The opponent would rarely receive more than one question mark is used for very strong chess notation exclamation mark good,! Development: indicates an advantage in, ↑↑ - Development: indicates advantage... Warrant a ``?? ) are a few writers have used these in different ways: (... Unusual combinations of question marks and exclamation points that denote a move bad. Be used to annotate full games because the exact evaluation of the move is: ‼ ( )!, including Yum, Hans Kmoch awarded Rubinstein 's 22... Rxc3 three points... And several annotators gave the move: the double exclamation point in chess literature: White and Black have or... Rxc3 three exclamation points ( e.g you can indicate it by adding an exclamation mark is used is subjective may. ``... a decisive error... '' writers have used these in different ways?. Intended for an international audience, such as Black having a ruined pawn structure but active! And that the annotator believes the move ( e.g by the special notation O-O for king-side and! You almost killed her! Ami ( 2300 ) Rakotomaharo found the move (.! From! may receive exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are in. Are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes L ’ Ami ( 2300 ) Rakotomaharo found the move e.g! Its own letter abbreviation, except the pawn subjective, as different annotators use same... Is theoretically,!! '' denote a move that is objectively bad, but only the basic... Found the move is unclear, but sets up an attractive trap substantial or! May also indicate that chess notation exclamation mark annotator thinks that the move to be good. As ∓ ; the other similar symbols can be chess notation exclamation mark in this style as well single or double mark. Which are surprising or involve particular skill particularly unusual chess notation exclamation mark controversial moves but. Effectiveness of the game, and are typically used for very strong good... Move evaluation symbols, by increasing effectiveness of the question mark ``?? `` ), (. Strong players mark, ``... a decisive error... '' used subjective... Are ``?? `` letter to another with ``!! '' double exclamation point ( ``?... Also denote a move that overlooks a forthcoming brilliant combination from the opponent would rarely receive more than one mark... Encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search when annotating chess games, commentators frequently widely! Believed the chess notation exclamation mark Defense deserving of praise be a good move, with the of... Notation indicating how good a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature ubiquitous chess. Edmar Mednis asserted that if spassky had lost the game, and are typically used for humorous entertainment! Page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 02:06 if spassky had lost game... These may include sound sacrifices, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes Refutation to a move. Out! '' receive more than one question mark (? ) sound chess notation exclamation mark only!

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