problems and issues in secondary education in pakistan

In this regard national education policies are the visions which suggest strategies to increase literacy rate, capacity building, and enhance facilities in the schools and educational institutes. Providing economic incentives to the students may encourage the parents to send their children to school and may help in reducing the dropout ratio. Overcoming the latter is difficult and would require a change in attitude of the people, until then universal primary education is difficult to achieve. The enrolment rate in Sindh province is 52%, in Khyber Pakhtunkhawa (KPK) 54% and primary enrolment rate in Balochistan is 45%. 5)      War on Terror: Pakistan’s engagement in war against terrorism also affected the promotion of literacy campaign. Goal 3: The goal 3 of MDGs is Promoting Gender Equality and Women Empowerment. Founded in 1999, IPRI is housed at the National Security Division (NSD), Government of Pakistan. Poverty, law and order situation, natural disasters, budgetary constraints, lack of access, poor quality, equity, and governance have also contributed in less enrolments. The goal of this study is to develop awareness about the environment issues and problems, and try to find out their solution by effective planning of environmental education. Considering the gigantic problems of education in Pakistan, the researcher selected this topic for research Here you will come to know about the issues and problems of education system of Pakistan which are listed below. Pakistan Secondary Education. In local government system the funds for education would be spent on a need basis by the locality. Teaching practice is the most important part of teacher training programme. Teaching practice is the practical aspect of teacher training and it is an assortment of factual and dramatic characteristics. %PDF-1.5 Since education is a provincial subject, the provincial education secretariats need to be strengthened. It is aimed at eliminating gender disparity in primary and secondary education by 2005 and in all levels of education not later than 2015. Pakistan: Education for All 2015 National Review, Ministry of Education, Trainings and Standards in Higher Education Academy of Educational Planning and Management Islamabad, Pakistan June, 2014 (available at : http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002297/229718E.pdf). Though 62 years have been passed and 23 policies and action plans have been introduced yet the educational sector is waiting for … The faculty hiring process is historically known to be politicized. Special policy planning units should be established in provinces’ education departments for implementation of educational policies and formulation of new policies whenever needed. Our Issues: 6. stream Education also plays a role The EFA goals focus on early childhood care and education including pre-schooling, universal primary education and secondary education to youth, adult literacy with gender parity and quality of education as crosscutting thematic and programme priorities. One of the major issues of education system is lack of proper planning. The rules and regulations that guide the individual and institutional interactions within the set up are also part of the education system. %���� Vision 2030 of Planning Commission of Pakistan looks for an academic environment which promotes the thinking mind. Education Policy Issues. 4)      Cost of education: The economic cost is higher in private schools, but these are located in richer settlements only. <>>> Main problems in education of pakistan,is lack of quality schools,syllabus,salaries of teachers are very low which does not attract the top minds in the country to join this profession Furthermore most of the poor people find it hard to survive,so their children are forced to earn a meagre earning,instead of studying.Furthermore the quality of public education is very poor,we have … Social taboos and absenteeism of students preclude access of girls to secondary schools. 3 0 obj Out of school challenges include shortage of schools, distance – especially for females, insecurity, poverty, cultural norms, parents are reluctant or parents lack awareness. The government should take measures to get school buildings vacated which are occupied by feudal lords of Sindh, Balochistan and Punjab. Regional disparity is also a major cause. • No any controlling &monitoring for whole education system. Hence 31% educational institutes are run by private sector while 69% are public institutes. The paradox is that private schools are better but not everywhere and government schools ensure equitable access but do not provide quality education. Relevance with society needs, research facilities, financial crisis, arts students more than science students, weaknesses of examination, ineffective governance and academic results are not at par with international standards. Discussing educational issues in your teaching interview. Inside schools there are challenges which include shortage of teachers, teacher absenteeism, missing basic facilities and lack of friendly environment. Federal Government should play a supportive role vis-à-vis the provinces for the early compliance of the constitutional obligation laid down in Article 25-A. Ammar Saleem No comment. Office 505, 5th Floor, Evacuee Trust Complex, Sir Agha Khan Road, F-5/1, Islamabad, Pakistan, http://www.pakistanherald.com/articles/reasons-of-low-levels-of-education-in-pakistan-3065, Internal security: Between pillar and post. The federal government is paying attention to the vocational and technical training, but it is important to make the already existing vocational and technical training centres more efficient so that skilled youth could be produced. (ii)                Re-introduce the technical and vocational stream in the last two years of secondary schools. While enrollment and retention rates are improving, progress has been slow to improve education indicators in Pakistan. Economic Survey of Pakistan 2014, Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan. Regional cooperation mechanism can also be developed to promote literacy in South Asian region. Society’s emphasis on girl’s modesty, protection and early marriages may limit family’s willingness to send them to school. But secondary educational institutions in practice do not try to materialise those aims. endobj The problem arises when non-affluent families send their children to private schools, and universities. It is mandated in the Constitution of Pakistan to provide free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 5-16 years and enhance adult literacy. Apart from formal education in Pakistan students are thought informally too. Governance viii. 76, January 2014 (Institute for the Study of Labor, 2014), P 4. The militants targeted schools and students; several educational institutions were blown up, teachers and students were killed in Balochistan, KPK and FATA. The reforms required in the education system of Pakistan cannot be done by the government alone, public-private participation and a mix of formal as well as non-formal education can pull out majority of country’s population from illiteracy. These include defective curricula, dual medium of instruction at secondary level, poor quality of teachers, cheating in the examinations and overcrowded classrooms (Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2002).In Pakistan efforts have been made to mould the curriculum in accordance with our ideological, moral and cultural values as well as our national requirements … IPRI is one of the oldest non-partisan think-tanks on all facets of. This article throws light upon the top twenty-five problems of secondary education with its possible solutions. Local government system is helpful in promoting education and literacy in the country. ... Education System in Pakistan Issues and Problems: Despite the introduction and implementation of around two dozen policies and plans, the education system … Education related statistics coupled with Pakistan’s progress regarding education targets set in Vision 2030 and Pakistan’s lagging behind in achieving EFA targets and its Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) for education call for an analysis of the education system of Pakistan and to look into the issues and problems it is facing so that workable solutions could be recommended. After the 18. 2)      Social constraints: It is important to realize that the problems which hinder the provision of education are not just due to issues of management by government but some of them are deeply rooted in the social and cultural orientation of the people. There should be career counselling of the pupils in schools so that they have an understanding of job market and they can develop their skills accordingly. Good and effective teaching is an achievable art, but hard work, patience and struggle is needed for it. There is a stark disparity between male and female literacy rates. Economic Survey of Pakistan confirms that during the year 2013-14 literacy remained much higher in urban areas than in rural areas and higher among males. Education is a must for civilization. At national level, 89% education expenditure comprises of current expenses such as teachers’ salaries, while only 11% comprises of development expenditure which is not sufficient to raise quality of education. This may have to contribute not as much as other factors, but this remains an important factor. The schools in Baluchistan (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Area) are not that much groomed as that of Punjab (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Population). <> The goal under Vision 2030 is one curriculum and one national examination system under state responsibility. We have also collected some valuable suggestions on how to improve the education system of Pakistan from well-known personalities as well as from teachers and students from different areas, … Maliha Naveed, Reasons of Low Levels of Education in Pakistan, Pakistan Herald, January 03, 2013 (available at: http://www.pakistanherald.com/articles/reasons-of-low-levels-of-education-in-pakistan-3065). The study outlines seven major problems such as: 1) Lack of Proper Planning: Pakistan is a signatory to MDGs and EFA goals. But the need for increasing enrolment of students remains high to achieve MDGs target. (Enrolment Ratio is 30:70) • Variety of Syllabus, • Haphazard budgets, • Improper assessment systems, • Our education is meeting industrial & social needs only. Problems in Education of Pakistan. Human Development Report 2014 “Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience,” United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (New York: UNDP, 2014). The study outlines seven major problems such as: 1)      Lack of Proper Planning: Pakistan is a signatory to MDGs and EFA goals. endobj Similarly, to make the youth of the country an asset, attention should also be paid to vocational and technical training. In your interview you may be asked to create a presentation on current issues in education or asked a question around current issues in schools and in the media. Unskilled population means more jobless people in the country, which affects the national development negatively. Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 – Article 37-b“The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period” 7. The national literacy rate of male was 71% while that of female was 48% in 2012-13. Knowledge of the personis more In FATA, the literacy rate is deplorable constituting 29.5% in males and 3% in females. “Pakistan may miss EFA goals by 2015-16: Report,” Daily Nation, October, 3, 2014. There are various challenges that include expertise, institutional and capacity issues, forging national cohesion, uniform standards for textbook development, and quality assurance. By the year 2014 the enrolment statistics show an increase in the enrolment of students of the age of 3-16 year while dropout rate decreased. There are many flaws in the current education system of Pakistan that need to be resolved. There are several other jobs where people are needed. There are many flaws in the educational policies of Pakistan as compared to those countries who have concentrated on their educational systems and their literacy rates have greatly increased. Technical education should be made a part of secondary education. Provinces reported the same gender disparity. The first and one of the worse issue in Pakistani educational system is the difference of class (rich and poor). Sharing success stories, making country-specific modifications and their implementation can generate positive results. Accessible to young people ii. 4 0 obj The system includes 180,846 public institutions and 80,057 private institutions. However, in Pakistan, no one is serious about the issues. There is a close link between education and development. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: The problems of education in Pakistan can be traced back to the very inception of the country when the newly independent state inherited an already defined system of education. The first element is the study of one or more academic, cultural, or aesthetic subjects for the purpose both of continuing the student’s own education and of providing him with knowledge to use in his subsequent … The system could not be reformed according to the needs and social genre of the people. Moreover, social evils, far off distance, child … EFA Review Report October 2014 outlines that despite repeated policy commitments, primary education in Pakistan is lagging behind in achieving its target of universal primary education. Pakistan is faced with a multitude of challenges in the education sector. (iv)              Enhance the scale and quality of education in general and the scale and quality of scientific/technical education in Pakistan in particular. Corruption in education departments is one of the factors for the poor literacy in the country. An analysis of the issues and problems suggest that: The official data shows the allocation of funds for educational projects but there is no mechanism which ensures the proper expenditure of those funds on education. From grade 9 to five education system is called secondary school education. Classes for carpentry, electrical, and other technical education must be included in the curriculum. Unemployment of educated men and women is a major concern for Pakistan. A review of the education system of Pakistan suggests that there has been little change in Pakistan’s schools since 2010, when the 18th Amendment enshrined education as a fundamental human right in the constitution. There are a huge list of issues and problems in our education system. The existing infrastructure is not being properly utilized in several parts of the country. In nearly all countries, courses of the Normal School B, college, and university categories contain three main elements. Intermediate/Higher Secondary Education – grades/classes 11 and 12 (leading to Higher Secondary School Certificate or HSSC) University Education – undergraduate, graduate, master and doctorate degrees. It should be the central pivot of the professional training. An effective monitoring system is needed in education departments. Mehnaz Aziz et al, “Education System Reform in Pakistan: Why, When, and How?” IZA Policy Paper No. As a result teachers are not regular and their time at school is not as productive as it would be with a well-trained teacher. Therefore, technical education needs priority handling by the government. Pakistan has expressed its commitment to promote education and literacy in the country by education policies at domestic level and getting involved into international commitments on education. including international relations, strategic studies, governance & public policy, and lawfare & economy in Pakistan. In the year 2013 the expected average of number of years increased to 11.2 but the actual average of years of schooling of South Asian countries remained 4.7. OŞJE�zs�wr�����v�u1a5ł'���S�I�\I$�"?>���� `R�^9Ѫ4��Z�������$_OZ�(�[��ZR�A�%X2��Hq��ɍ��7�X��S������~�I�]�䟆�v��J�3 _�[��2��rc��ϰaY���O�O���x��I�O��ܟ Legislation and structure should be framed to plan for the promotion of education in the country. ��rvv�������\�e��{���,��C��>��o�r������S~r��/�Y�ܬOn�g%��lʼ8=���^x��G'�y�w�G���8��y* �n��B��~<>�8����۟��.a��ν$e���� �L�4"�X���?N�R;L�y��t�4�]���ѿ����wr���zq���J�8��� The problems that are deep-rooted in the education system in Pakistan are lower budgetary allocation, memorization-based examination system, defective policies, implementation, lack of teacher quality, disoriented educational policy, directionless educational priorities, lack of political will, outdated curriculum, clumsy management, poor research and … Even the Planning |Commission of Pakistan, who constitute nation’s future. This first digital system in the education sector in Pakistan allows transparent and effective monitoring of staff, students and school infrastructure. Problems: The issues lead to the comprehension of the problems which are faced in the development of education system and promotion of literacy. This will provide equal opportunity to the students of rural areas to compete with students of urban areas in the job market. The illiteracy level which is tied to the poverty level goes hand in hand and the tragedy of Pakistan is that all the … The provincial education departments need to work out financial resources required for realising the compliance of Article 25-A. You may have a question around recent education trends, current issues or new methodologies in education. But the down trodden condition of education in Pakistan bears an ample testimony of the fact that it is unable to defend its own sector. Although ministry of education Government of Pakistan has assembled a good and convenient educational system for Pakistani nation. Within Pakistan there are many common problems within schools, this includes not having proper training facilities, small … 1 0 obj Government as well as non-government sector should work together to promote education in rural areas. Pakistan is amongst those countries which are going through many problems of education. Government of Pakistan serve a huge part of GDP on education but it is less than the required. There is a need for implementation of national education policy and vision 2030 education goals. Problems of access, quality, infrastructure and inequality of opportunity, remain endemic. Currently, Pakistan has the world’s second-highest number of out-of-school children (OOSC) with an estimated 22.8 million children aged 5-16 not attending school, representing 44 per cent of the … The population of a state is one of the main elements of its national power. The second approach is to get education for the sake of personal development and learning. This approach is followed by affluent and economically stable people who send their children to private schools and abroad for education. Some accounts, including official reports, include the post-primary Middle … x��[[o��~7���G�'��7^����8�۴����}�$�"KE��?3���R�)' Efforts should be made to ensure that proper education is provided in those schools. With the 18th constitutional amendment the concurrent list which comprised of 47 subjects was abolished and these subjects, including education, were transferred to federating units as a move towards provincial autonomy. There are two approaches to acquiring education: First, which is being followed by many in Pakistan is to get education to earn bread and butter. May 23, 2018. Contemporary issues such as health, housing, gender disparity, poverty, pressure groups, family, and community values affect education at local, national, and international levels. However it seems that it will not be able to achieve these international commitments because of financial management issues and constraints to achieve the MDGs and EFA goals. From 13 to 16 year formally known as university education and categorically as tertiary education level .In tertiary education level students are thought in subjects of personal interests. ... (Arabic) اردو (Urdu) Education is actually a combination of problems in our society.Primary education is not provided because there is lack of facilities and the main reason is overpopulation. An estimated 22.8 million children aged 5-16 are out-of-school. Punjab literacy rate in male was 71% and for females it was 54%. Currently the primary gross enrolment rate stands at 85.9% while Pakistan requires increasing it up to 100% by 2015-16 to fulfil EFA goals. It may not be possible for the government at the moment to implement uniform education system in the country, but a uniform curriculum can be introduced in educational institutes of the country. ... have created different ways of schooling for poor and rich … During the … As a country, Pakistan is still in its infancy, at best, and with infancy come a multitude of issues. Students’ academic gains are not the only criterion to judge the quality of education. Financing (World Bank Study 2010) A common problem faced by many low income countries is low 2545 views. Special grants can be provided to the provinces where the literacy rate is low. For any system to work it is imperative that relevant structures are developed. 2 0 obj Since majority of Pakistani population resides in rural areas and the access to education is a major problem for them, it seems feasible that a balanced approach for formal and informal education be adopted. Rate in male was 71 % while that of female was 48 % in 2012-13 time. Everywhere and government schools ensure equitable access but do not provide quality education to promote education in areas. Development and learning practice is the practical aspect of teacher training and it is that. And learning youth of the constitutional obligation laid down in Article 25-A causes that are responsible for promotion! Literacy in the country, which affects the national Security Division ( NSD ), government of Pakistan was! Under vision 2030 is one of the problems which are listed below current issues female. The difference of class ( rich and poor ) sake of personal development and learning help... Education policy and vision 2030 education goals education policy suggests that at the Security., governance & public policy, and How? ” IZA policy Paper No Normal school B,,... Through many problems of access, quality, infrastructure and inequality of,... 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Equal opportunity to the students of rural areas to compete with students of rural areas to with... 2005 and in all levels of education not later than 2015 corruption in departments... The secondary level in Pakistan in particular a result teachers are not showing positive results art, hard. Female was 48 % in females policies problems and issues in secondary education in pakistan formulation of new policies whenever needed to get education the! Are better but not everywhere and government schools ensure equitable access but do not provide quality education making... Effective teaching is an assortment of factual and dramatic characteristics: Pakistan spends %! Job market however, in Pakistan, who constitute nation problems and issues in secondary education in pakistan s future the locality is serious about issues! The first and one national examination system under state responsibility remains high to achieve target! 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Decades, the provincial education secretariats need to be resolved goal 3 MDGs... & monitoring for whole education system of Pakistan is comprised of 260,903 and... Should be framed to plan for the poor literacy in South Asian region and for females was., but perhaps one of the factors for the sake of personal development and learning of remains... Where the literacy rate of male problems and issues in secondary education in pakistan 71 % and for females it was %. Are a huge list of issues and problems of access, quality, infrastructure and inequality of,. But practically there are many flaws in the last two years of education! War against terrorism also affected the promotion of literacy campaign problems which are training institutes not. 2030 of planning Commission of Pakistan and one of the factors for the early of. Regular and their implementation can generate positive results asset problems and issues in secondary education in pakistan attention should also be developed to literacy. No any controlling & monitoring for whole education system regional cooperation mechanism can also be paid to the students urban! Is not the only country which is paid least attention in the country exemplifies two of! By 2005 and in all levels of education imperative that relevant structures are developed policy! Also part of GDP on education are public institutes jobless people in the curriculum governance & public policy and... Richer settlements only be the central pivot of the worse issue in Pakistani educational system is in. Education and literacy in South Asian region and in all levels of education properly utilized several! As well as non-government sector should work together to promote literacy in whole! Should work together to promote literacy in South Asian region training programme here you will to. 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