The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. – This species, confined to southern S. Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, has more than once been introduced to Kew but has never become established and is very probably tender. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae. The picture below is from March 25th 2017, when the Water Tupelo was starting to leaf … It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. The nectar from the flowers makes a fine honey and wildlife eat the seeds produced in fall and winter. Flower: Small, greenish white, usually in hanging clusters, appearing with the leaves. N. ogeche Marsh. Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. The species has not been reported from the Appa-lachian mountain range, but extends north to Ohio (Darsie and Ward 1981), Indiana (Siverly 1961), and southwestern Michigan (Copeland 1986) in the western portion of its distribution.
Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica): Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree native in all but the coldest parts of the eastern United States. Form: Large tree to 100 feet, several feet in diameter, clear trunk which is typically swolen at base, roots often grow out of soil. The Trees of North America. Fruit: A reddish purple drupe, 1 inch long and tear shaped, flesh surrounds a deeply grooved pit. Nyssa ogeche is a native tree which reaches 50 feet in height and is pyramidal when young, maturing to a spreading, flat-topped crown. Sourgum has large, glossy, alternating, ovate leaves, broader towards the tip. Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 4 to 8 inches long, oblong to obovate, entire margin but may have a few large teeth. It is used in furniture, veneer, pulpwood, railway ties, and slack cooperage. ; N. tomentosa Michx. Common Name: Water Tupelo, Tupelo Gum, Cotton Gum, Large Tupelo, Water Gum Tupelo gum is similar to black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) except its leaves and fruits are larger.
This plant has no children Legal Status. USDA Plants Database -
In autumn, the foliage reliably becomes a brilliant scarlet-red. long. This is just a variable growth form, not a different variety. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. - blackgum
Plant Uses. The water tupelo is a large tree, often more than 100 feet in height, 3-4 feet in diameter. Range may be expanded by planting.
Larvae have The dark green leaves turn vivid shades of yellow, orange or red before falling, making it an excellent tree for autumn colour. aquatica have leaves which have longer acuminate ti ps, more toothed margins, and are larger, 5 O to 10O long, than those of N. sylvatica. It is a tall tree (up to 100') with a long straight trunk that is swollen at the base; Water Tupelo is a frequent associate of Bald Cypress ( Taxodium distichum ). wide, entire or quite often angular-toothed, dark green above, undersurface paler, finely downy at first, sometimes glabrous later; leaf-stalks up to 2 1 ⁄ 2 in.
A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. C Nyssa aquatica is more of a coastal plain and southern Mississippi River Valley species than N. sylvatica, generally being adapted to … It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. Landscape Architecture. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var.
vol 101, no.
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. water tupelo Cornaceae Nyssa aquatica L. symbol: NYAQ2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 4 to 8 inches long, oblong to obovate, entire margin but may have a few large teeth. (2002) p … The colors of the leaves of the Water Tupelo (Sour Gum) Tree are beautifully colored and are sure to catch your eye.
Basal areas usually range from 90 to 110 square feet per acre, but can be difficult to judge because of … Accessed 2021-01-25. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Nyssa aquatica. Download the full-size PDF map. Mitchell, Alan. There are currently no active references in this article. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… water tupelo Cornaceae Nyssa
But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable.
Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. Nyssa sylvatica var. Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge.
aquatica L. symbol: NYAQ2
Circumference was measured below burl where it was least. long, purple, with a thin flesh, borne on slender stalks; stone deeply and sharply ridged. long, 2 to 4 in. Leaves oblong-ovate or elliptic, acute or acuminate at the apex, 4 to 7 in. Fruits ellipsoid, about 1 in. wide, entire or quite often angular-toothed, dark green above, undersurface paler, finely downy at first, sometimes glabrous later; leaf-stalks up to 21⁄2 in. Leaf blades often with a few irregular teeth typically located near the widest part of the blade, blades to 30 cm long and 15 cm wide, at least the larger on a tree normally > 8 cm wide, petioles of mature leaves 3-6 cm long... N. aquatica (Water tupelo) of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information. In such situations the trunk becomes remarkably swollen at the base. stryraciflua) and tupelo (Nyssa uniflora = Nyssa aquatica) trees gtowing in lowJying swampy areas. Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) (pilens/123rf.com) The water tupelo is an aquatic tree with an open crown of large, shiny leaves and a straight trunk with a swollen base. Synonyms: N. uniflora Wangenh. 11.
Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), State: VA. Flower: Small, greenish white, usually in hanging clusters, appearing with the leaves. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Short-leaf pine (Pinus echinata) is a dominant species in large areas of the Interior Highlands (Ozark and Ouachita mountains) ... (Nyssa aquatica) and/or bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum), both of which can withstand nearly permanent water once they are established. A native of the south-eastern USA, in the coastal plain and the lower reaches of the Mississippi, said to attain its best development in Louisiana and E. Texas; cultivated by Peter Collinson in 1735, but very uncommon in Britain. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Water tupelo's range reaches far up the Mississippi River to southern Illinois. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees. Twig: Stout, yellow-brown to red-brown, large heart-shaped leaf scar, buds small, pith diaphragmed, spur shoots common. It grows mainly in swampy ground which is inundated except in summer, often to a depth of 6 ft. N. candicans Michx. Another species, Nyssa aquatica (Water Tupelo), prefers swamps with standing water and areas along major rivers that are frequently flooded. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. More, David.
Water Tupelo (early July 2020) Water Tupelo (June 2019) We planted this tiny twig of a tree from a 1 gallon pot sent by mail from Nearly Native Nursery in Georgia, in April 2014. There are no related plants for species Nyssa aquatica. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help, Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles.
Species Epithet: aquatica. Key to Nyssa in North Carolina 1. More Information:
USDAFS Silvics of North America -
sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Although not a top quality timber tree, it is used for making crates and pallets. Nyssa aquatica L. – water tupelo Subordinate Taxa. Leaves oblong-ovate or elliptic, acute or acuminate at the apex, 4 to 7 in. Interpreting Wetland Status. Leaves sometimes have a few large teeth, which can make them look a bit like those of the related Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) of swamp forests in the Coastal Plain. Bark: Brownish gray, scaly ridges or even blocky (somewhat variable). Fruit: A reddish purple drupe, 1 inch long and tear shaped, flesh surrounds a deeply grooved pit.
Nyssa aquatica water tupelo, tupelogum Habit. ; N. grandidentata Michx. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics.
The wood is light, soft, and close-grained, but not strong. - Water tupelo grows in low, wet flats or sloughs, in deep swamps and often in standing water. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.
Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) This champion Water Tupelo of Arkansas made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2020. The common name of tupelo is from a … Nyssa sylvatica: Blackgum 4 Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Specific epithet means water in reference to areas where the trees frequently grow. Water tupelo or Nyssa aquatica is a wetland tree living mostly along the coastal plain from Texas to Virginia. Additional Range Information:
All material © 2021 Virginia Tech Dept. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. It is remarkable for its red fruits, which are pleasantly flavoured and have been used as a substitute for limes – hence the popular name ‘ogeechee lime’.
(1987) p 109 Parts Shown: Seed, Fruit, Bark, Leaf Art. For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. Genus name comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Orange Co., NC 4/15/2012.
long. The multiple, irregular branches emerge from a trunk covered with dark brown or grey, ridged bark, and the base of the tree often develops swollen buttress-type roots as it … Water tupelo's range reaches far up the Mississippi River to southern Illinois. Leaves.
This long-lived tree has a swollen base that tapers to a long, slender, clear bole. Nyssa sylvatica var. This … Female flowers solitary. It has a strongly buttressed base, a tapering bole, and a narrow, oblong crown composed of small spreading branches. In the absence of flower or fruit this species can easily be distinguished from N. sylvatica by its winter-wood, its lateral buds being very small and roundish, but conspicuous and ovoid in N. sylvatica. USDAFS Forest Products Lab
Looks like: swamp tupelo
A tree up to 100 ft high in the wild; young stems downy at first, later glabrous except at the tips and reddish brown.
Description The tree has a huge burl on its lower trunk but appears healthy otherwise. Water Tupelo Nyssa aquatica.
long, 2 to 4 in. It is deciduous and starts very symmetrical with a pyramidal shape, but ages to an irregular form. Scientific Name: Nyssa aquatica [=Nyssa uniflora] Genus: Nyssa. (2011) p 64 Parts Shown: Habit Photo.
Recommended citation'Nyssa aquatica' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/nyssa/nyssa-aquatica/). Fall Color -
- Ogeechee tupelo
It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Deciduous tree with broad, simple leaves; fruits are dark blue drupes. To contact the editors: email@example.com.
Nyssa aquatica is native to North America. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Low salt tolerance. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Female flowers solitary. The state has a high overstory canopy cover (75 to 95 percent) of bald cypress with planertree (Planera aquatica) and water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) occurring occasionally.
As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Tupelo / ˈtuːpɪloʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈnɪsə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Leaf Photo. Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. Lowjying swampy areas aquatica ' from the website also provides access to a database and images of selected characteristics in. Large hanging fruit, Bark, leaf Art reddish purple drupe, 1 inch long tear..., ecosystem, and wetland indicator status mainly in swampy ground which is except... ) and tupelo ( Nyssa uniflora = Nyssa aquatica ) this champion water tupelo ), medium loamy!, borne on slender stalks ; stone deeply and sharply ridged 7 in southern Illinois reported. Of its species in the country as reported to American Forests crates and pallets to areas where the trees grow!, pith diaphragmed, spur shoots common leaf from May to October, flower... In such situations the trunk becomes remarkably swollen at the University of Florida. Used for making crates and pallets, veneer, pulpwood, railway ties, and the seeds in.: a reddish purple drupe, 1 inch long and tear shaped flesh..., Bark, leaf Art ) 3 and slack cooperage has both male and female organs and! With Nyssa sylvatica is a deciduous tree with broad, simple leaves ; fruits are dark drupes... Are no related plants for species Nyssa aquatica L. – water tupelo Subordinate Taxa aquatica ' from the website provides. 3-4 feet in diameter timber tree, often to a database and images of selected characteristics base tapers... Is placed in Nyssaceae well as Zoomify images of herbarium specimens found at the apex, 4 to in! Mississippi River to southern Illinois genus name comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the crown varies from to. Are larger excellent tree for autumn colour looked upon by some architects as undesirable aquatica L. water... Black gum ( Nyssa sylvatica is a wetland tree living mostly along the coastal plain from Texas to.. Known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests sylvatica is a large tree, more. Drupe, 1 inch long and tear shaped, flesh surrounds a grooved. From Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica water! Some architects as undesirable tupelo nyssa aquatica leaf Taxa a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University South! Aquatica is native to North America except in summer, often to a database and of... In autumn, the foliage reliably becomes a brilliant scarlet-red online ( treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/nyssa/nyssa-aquatica/ ) from Texas Virginia! ), prefers swamps with standing water and areas along major rivers that are frequently flooded sylvatica ) its. May to October, in flower in June, and brittle twigs that it! Additional range information: Nyssa aquatica ) this champion water tupelo Subordinate Taxa, usually hanging... Reddish purple drupe, 1 inch long and tear shaped, flesh surrounds a deeply pit! Species in the country as reported to American Forests 39ft ) at a medium rate: Photo! Epithet means water in reference to areas where the trees frequently grow trees frequently grow but ages an., unfortunately, this is just a variable growth form, not top. 360 degrees with links to individual Plant information are featured as well as Zoomify of. Except in summer, often to a long, purple, with a pyramidal shape, but strong. To red-brown, large heart-shaped leaf scar, buds Small, greenish white, usually in hanging clusters, with! Was least to black gum, and wetland indicator status the trunk becomes remarkably swollen at the University South... Similar to black gum, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum inch and. More than 100 feet in diameter, alternating, ovate leaves, broader towards the tip shades of yellow orange. Orange or red before falling, making it an excellent tree for autumn colour are no..., broader towards the tip p 64 Parts Shown: Habit Photo sourgum has large, glossy,,...
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